Now demolished, the masonry building at 601 King Street constructed in the mid-late 19th century historically housed the Lincoln Theatre, a cornerstone of the Charleston African American community for more than half a century. From 1919-1971 the theatre served as a gathering place for African American Charlestonians to view popular films and vaudeville acts during a time when African Americans were restricted to segregated seating in theaters or barred from entrance altogether.

The Lincoln Theatre building boasted a neo-classically inspired façade that stood two stories tall and three bays wide with a metal cornice and pedimented windows at the second story. The ground floor of the theatre was crowned by a neon Art-Deco marquee above a recessed entrance and terrazzo floor bearing the name “Lincoln” in marble, quartz, granite, and glass. [1]

By the turn of the 20th century, 601 King Street was owned by Samuel Banov, a prominent member of Charleston’s Jewish business community.[2] Under Mr. Banov’s ownership, the Lincoln Theater opened its doors in November of 1919 under the management of the Bijou Amusement Company, one of the first African American theater chains in the South. In the months before the theater’s opening, a call for African American investment in the Lincoln Theater was published in the Evening Post reading “Let the Lincoln Theater be for the Colored People and by the Colored People.”[3] When the remodeling of the former storefront was complete, the new Lincoln Theater was marketed proudly as “The Colored People’s Own Theater.”[4]

Upon the theater’s opening, the Bijou Amusement Company appointed New Orleans native, Damon Ireland Thomas, as manager of the Lincoln Theater. With valuable connections throughout the national entertainment circuit, Mr. Thomas worked for more than 20 years to ensure that the Lincoln consistently featured the best of live vaudeville shows and motion pictures. In a 1946 interview, Mr. Thomas spoke of his pride in the Lincoln Theater, stating that it was the only African American theater to his knowledge located on the “main street” of a city.[5]

After fifty years of business, the Lincoln Theater closed its doors in the early 1970s, along with many other locally owned and operated theaters in the city. In 1989, the building incurred substantial damage during Hurricane Hugo and was subsequently demolished. The site remained vacant for decades and today is the location of a student housing development.

[1] “601 King St./Lincoln Theatre, 1985,” Folder 601 King St. S.C. Department of Archives and History, City of Charleston, Board of Architectural Review, Charleston, SC.
[2] Abel Banov, interview by Dale Rosengarten, April 3, 1996, interview tape 1, transcript pg. 5., Jewish Heritage Collection, Mss. 1035-060, College of Charleston, Charleston, SC.
[3] “Opportunity for Colored People to Invest in the Lincoln Theater,” Charleston News and Courier (Charleston, South Carolina), November 8, 1919: 6. NewsBank: America’s News – Historical and Current. https://infoweb-newsbank-com.ezproxy.ccpl.org/apps/news/document-view? p=AMNEWS&docref=image/v2:13CCA871AD118D5A@EANX-1444A4A136FB9547@2422271-14440F1FB50939EC@5- 14440F1FB50939EC@.
[4] “The New Lincoln Theatre,” The Charleston Evening Post (Charleston, South Carolina), February 10, 1920. NewsBank: America’s News – Historical and Current. https://infoweb-newsbank-com.ezproxy.ccpl.org/apps/news/document-view?
p=AMNEWS&docref=image/v2:13E3762B9393175B@EANX-13F826460AE0CC31@2422365-13ED563C604DEF13@7-13ED563C604DEF13@.
[5] “Work Hard and Mind Business, Admonishes Successful Negro,” Charleston News and Courier (Charleston, South Carolina), August 11, 1946: 3. NewsBank: America’s News – Historical and Current. https://infoweb-newsbank-com.ezproxy.ccpl.org/apps/news/document-view?p=AMNEWS&docref=image/v2:13CCA871AD118D5A@EANX-1587B06F16B48507@2432044-15875D775C8AAC6E@2-15875D775C8AAC6E@.

Lincoln Theater

601 King Street

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Thesis: Well Lit: Exploring Light's Transformative Potential Through a Study of the Exterior Illumination of Charleston, South Carolina Movie Theaters

Article: Lost Charleston – 601 King Street, p. 37

Oral history: Jewish Heritage Collection: Oral history interview with Abel Banov

Oral history: Jewish Heritage Collection: Oral history interview with Ralph Geldbart

A project of the Preservation Society of Charleston

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